Speaking at the premier of a documentary on five years of Ghana’s oil find in Accra, Dr Graham said: “The main value of oil to us is the revenue and whether the people can benefit from it or not depends very much not on how many investors are attracted to invest in oil and gas production, but then the terms on which they invest; but more significantly, the overall development vision that is guiding the sector.”
“This is a nonrenewable resource; when it gets finished, what kind of country will be left for us? The question is about the terms on which our natural resources, which are nonrenewable, are being managed. Do we know the people getting the oil blocks; do we know the terms on which they are getting those blocks?” he quizzed.
Ghana signed a US$7 billion contract with Italian company ENI for the development of the Offshore Cape Three Points (OCTP) integrated oil and gas project.
The project, which is being carried out in collaboration with Vitol Energy, will result in the development of the Sankofa and Gye Nyame fields that will deliver about 170 million standard cubic feet of gas per day to power thermal plants over the next 20 years.
Already, some civil society organisations have asked for a review of the terms of the contract due to what they describe as unfavourable terms.
Dr Graham, who also expressed similar concerns, said if the terms of contracts remained unfavourable, the expected developments associated with oil and gas production would not be realised.
“We need to look at the terms on which the contract for gas is being signed. I have heard that the terms for the main contract with ENI for gas are so bad that companies who are investing in Ghana to produce power will find it cheaper to import gas than use Ghana’s gas,” he said.
He added, “There are big questions there, so the development benefits that we expect from the resources will not come if the terms on which the resources are being developed are bad.”
He also expressed worry about why oil contracts, as well as the terms, are often shrouded in secrecy, although the principal owners of the resource are the people.
The Deputy Director for Africa of the Natural Resources Governance Institute (NRGI), Mr Emmanuel Kuyole, said the absence of exclusive fishing zones, making the areas around rigs and FPSOs the unofficial exclusive zones, showed that there was a clear case of a serious policy failure.
“What we are basically saying is that we do not care about what happens to our environment; all we are interested in is to bring out the gas and the oil,” he said.
He said the coastal areas, where the oil resources are being explored, had ecosystems that must be protected.
“The dying whales are a signal that there is something seriously wrong going on; there are serious social and environmental impacts to oil and gas exploration,” he said.